Cognitive therapy is a relatively brief form of therapy based on the concept that how we think about situations influences how we feel. Cognitive therapy is recognized as one of the more effective therapies for treating depression and anxiety. Practitioners using this treatment are present-oriented and do not spend an inordinate amount of time processing past events. Your therapist will work with you to increase your awareness of your thoughts and emotions. The next step will involve challenging inaccurate thinking and beliefs that lead to uncomfortable thinking and maladaptive behaviors. Also known as cognitive behavioral therapy, it is a very helpful form of treatment and can be more effective, if needed, when combined with medication.